In March 2017, the French and British Defence Ministers signed an agreement to launch a three-year design phase for the development of a new long-range missile for each country`s navy and air force. The two nations have committed to contribute a total of €100 million for the completion of the study as well as for the pooling of their technologies and test facilities.  The FC/ASW (Future Cruise/Anti-Ship Weapon) program is expected to replace the Harpoon, Exocet, Storm Shadow and SCALP rockets.  Under the Lancaster House contracts, in addition to the creation of the CJEF, a number of other 10-year targets have been set. These included the construction of a joint nuclear power plant, enhanced cooperation around aircraft carriers and the development of the complex arms sector in the United Kingdom and France. All these objectives have been achieved within the ten-year time frame set by the Agreements and will be pursued if the two nations are to build on existing work. In September 2015, the defense ministers of the two nations signed an agreement on the implementation of centers of excellence in the missile sector. These technical centers have been designed to limit technological redundancies by distributing technical skills and expertise between the two parties. The technologies developed in this context will then be integrated into the various MBDA programmes. This streamlines development costs through industrial integration and ensures the sustainability of industrial capabilities on both sides of the Channel, while connecting the two nations through “gradual and controlled interdependence”.
  The agreement was ratified by the French and British parliaments in October 2016 and provides for the opening of eight centres of excellence.   The export mechanisms set out in the Intergovernmental Agreement on a Complex Weapon have proven effective and there are options for further work in this area. Similarly, managing the exchange of sensitive national information is an increasingly important element of our cooperation. CC – The general lines that were followed at Sandhurst are a continuation of the mbDA initiative launched at the Lancaster House Summit in 2010. The objective was to consolidate the joint management of industrial projects between France and the United Kingdom and to make it a European champion at the international level. Through the Intergovernmental Agreement on Missile Systems signed in 2015, the two countries have supported and supported the intensive integration of MBDA`s French and British subsidiaries in a number of technological fields. They also accepted a principle of interdependence that had never been seen before in Europe. This model has now proven its effectiveness and we can probably go further….