“We have not solved our problems, but this agreement is an extraordinary step forward,” Vucic said at the signing ceremony, with the representative of Vietnam welcoming with other speakers the resumption of talks between Belgrade and Pristina and the recent agreement on the normalization of economic relations. However, he deplored the persistent lack of implementation on the ground and called on both sides to take confidence-building measures to achieve a lasting negotiated solution. There are several clauses of the agreement that have absolutely nothing to do with the normalization of economic relations between Kosovo and Serbia, and therefore ridiculously included. These are the clauses under which the two countries have agreed to cooperate with the 69 countries that criminalize homosexuality “to push for decriminalization”; pledged to characterize Hezbollah “in its entirety” as a terrorist organization and to fully implement the necessary measures to limit Hezbollah`s legal operations and financial activities; and finally the clause in which Kosovo and Israel agreed to recognize each other and Serbia agreed to move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem by 1 July 2021. The mutual recognition clause between Kosovo and Israel is only contained in the document signed by the Kosovar Prime Minister, Mr Hoti, while the clause under which Serbia agrees to move its embassy to Jerusalem is only contained in the documentary document signed by Serbian President Vucic, and this is in fact the only difference between the texts of the two agreements signed separately by Hoti and Vucic. The agreement provides for the creation of an “association/community of the municipalities of the Serbian majority.” [fn] See the report of the crisis group Serbia and Kosovo: the path to normalization. Hide Footnote The dual name is another sign of difficulties: for Serbia, it is a Zajednica (Union or Community) of municipalities, an administrative unit newly created by the agreement, whereas for Kosovo it is only an inter-communal association that already exists to help local governments coordinate and exchange their skills. When the agreement is implemented, both countries must amend the legislation in this area. One or the other may have to change its constitutions. Issues must be dealt with publicly, Members will have to take a stand. Early signs are not encouraging.
The Kosovo Assembly approved the agreement after a stormy late-night session with furious denunciations from the opposition “Self-determination” party, whose supporters rallied outside the legislative branch. The Serbian parliament refused to vote on the agreement itself, saying it would be recognition of Kosovo; Instead, he approved the government`s report on the negotiations. Previous technical agreements between the two parties are being appealed to the Constitutional Court of Serbia on the grounds that the government has improperly amended regulatory issues that must be governed by law.